9. Oligocene Planktonic Foraminifer Biostratigraphy of Hole 803d (ontong Java Plateau) and Hole 628a (little Bahama Bank), and Comparison with the Southern High Latitudes


Ocean Drilling Program Hole 803D (Leg 130) from the western tropical Pacific (Ontong Java Plateau) and Hole 628A (Leg 101) from the western subtropical North Atlantic (Little Bahama Bank) contain rich assemblages of planktonic foraminifers. The uppermost Eocene-basal Miocene section of Hole 803D is apparently complete, whereas the Oligocene section of Hole 628A contains three unconformities based on planktonic foraminiferal evidence. Anomalous ranges are recorded for Chiloguembelina cubensis and Globigerinoides primordius. C. cubensis is found to range throughout the upper Oligocene of both sites, and G. primordius first occurs near the base of upper Oligocene Zone P22 in Hole 628A. Paleomagnetic stratigraphy provides constraints on the last occurrence (LO) of Subbotina angiporoides, the first occurrence (FO) of Globigerina angulisuturalis, the FO of Globigerinoides primordius, the FO of Paragloborotalia pseudokugleri, and the LO of Chiloguembelina cubensis. In general, taxon ranges, total diversity, and the composition of the planktonic foraminiferal assemblages from Holes 628A and 803D are similar. Differences in the composition of planktonic foraminiferal assemblages between the two sites are interpreted to be primarily the result of enhanced dissolution at Site 803 (e.g., paucity of Globigerina angulisuturalis and absence of G. ciperoensis). However, the greater abundances of Subbotina angiporoides in subtropical Hole 628A and Paragloborotalia opima in tropical Hole 803D are probably related to oceanographic differences between the two low-latitude sites. Comparison between the low and southern high latitudes illustrates some similarities in the composition of Oligocene planktonic foraminiferal assemblages as well as some important differences. Species such as Pseudohastigerina spp., Turborotalia increbescens, "Turborotalia" ampliapertura, Paragloborotalia opima, P. pseudokugleri, P. semivera/mayeri, Globigerinella obesa, Globigerina angulisuturalis, G. gortanii, G. ouachitaensis, G. sellii, G. tapuriensis, G. tripartita, G. pseudovenezuelana, Subbotina? eocaena and 5.? yeguaensis are absent or have rare occurrences in the subantarctic Oligocene assemblages. Biogeographic gradients, although not as pronounced as during the late Neogene, were nonetheless significant during the Oligocene.


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